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Auteur (up) McCafferty, D.; Pandraud, G.; Gilles, J.; Fabra-Puchol, M.; Henry, P.-Y. url  doi
  Titre Animal thermoregulation: a review of insulation, physiology and behaviour relevant to temperature control in buildings Type Article scientifique
  Année 2018 Publication Bioinspiration & Biomimetics Revue Abrégée Bioinspir Biomim  
  Volume 13 Numéro 1 Pages 011001  
  Mots-Clés animals; building; energy use; insulation; temperature control; thermoregulation  
  Résumé Birds and mammals have evolved many thermal adaptations that are relevant for bioinspired design of temperature control systems and energy management in buildings. Similar to many buildings, endothermic animals generate internal metabolic heat, are well insulated, regulate their temperature within set limits, modify microclimate and adjust thermal exchange with their environment. Here, we review the major components of animal thermoregulation in endothermic birds and mammals that are pertinent for building engineering, in a world where climate is changing and reduction in energy use is needed. In animals, adjustment of insulation together with physiological and behavioural responses to changing environmental conditions produce fine-tuned spatial and temporal regulation of body temperature, while also minimizing energy expenditure. These biological adaptations are characteristically flexible, allowing animals to alter their body temperature to hourly, daily or annual demands for energy. They provide examples of how buildings could become more thermally reactive to meteorological fluctuations, capitalising on dynamic thermal materials and system properties. Based on this synthesis, we suggest that heat transfer modelling could be used to simulate these flexible biomimetic features and assess their success in reducing energy costs while maintaining thermal comfort for given building types.  
  Adresse Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, FRANCE  
  Auteur institutionnel Thèse  
  Editeur Lieu de Publication Éditeur  
  Langue English Langue du Résumé Titre Original  
  Éditeur de collection Titre de collection Titre de collection Abrégé  
  Volume de collection Numéro de collection Edition  
  ISSN 1748-3182 ISBN Médium  
  Région Expédition Conférence  
  Notes PMID:29130885 Approuvé pas de  
  Numéro d'Appel MNHN @ henry @ collection 1697  
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